What are Sham Marriages and Are They Illegal in Singapore?
Singapore citizenship is highly coveted by foreign nationals from nearby countries. For many who do not qualify for citizenship status or work permits, a common but illegal way to continue staying in Singapore is through a sham marriage.
This article will explain why and how a sham marriage is arranged and, what you can do if you are a victim of a sham marriage.
What is a Sham Marriage?
A sham marriage, otherwise known as a marriage of convenience, is a marriage between 2 people for the sole intention of acquiring a benefit or advantage.
This is different from marriage fraud, where one person has been deceived into a marriage by his/her spouse without knowing he/she is being taken advantage of for certain benefits.
Why Might a Person Enter into a Sham Marriage?
Many people who enter into sham marriages are in financial distress and are easy prey for the syndicates. Some foreign nationals, particularly those from neighbouring countries such as Thailand and Vietnam, may be desperate for employment in Singapore.
Hence, they may resort to such schemes to prolong their stay. Local Singaporeans who face financial difficulties may also fall for such “fast money” schemes.
How Does a Sham Marriage Work?
Sham marriages are nothing more than monetary transactions conducted between different parties for immigration purposes.
As recent as 2017, members of a syndicate were arrested for arranging a series of sham marriages. This case illustrates who are the parties involved and how a sham marriage is organised.
- The syndicate looks for foreign nationals who are desperate to extend their stay in Singapore
- Their brokers seek out Singaporeans facing financial difficulties
- With assistance from the syndicate, both Singaporean and the foreign national agree to enter into a sham marriage
- The Singaporean citizen is the main spouse. He/she either provides citizenship status in the marriage or sponsors a visit pass
- His/her partner is a foreign national who will acquire citizenship status/visit pass/work permit extensions
- The foreign national pays a fee to the syndicate for providing this service
- Both the main spouse and the brokers are given a cut of this transaction for their respective services
In order to stage the marriage as a legitimate affair, the syndicate may also arrange “photo-shoots” for the couples and provide lodging for them to live together temporarily.
Since the union is not genuine, the marriage may also not be consummated.
Are Sham Marriages Illegal in Singapore?
View this post on Instagram
Love takes different forms, but this isn’t one of them.¯\_(ツ)_/¯ In case you haven’t already heard, it’s illegal to enter into a sham marriage in Singapore! 😶 The term refers to marriages of convenience that are (usually) solely formed in order to gain an immigration advantage. For example, if a foreigner entered into a marriage with a Singaporean just to be allowed to work in Singapore, it would be considered as a sham marriage.👀 – Any person who knowingly enters into a marriage with the purpose of assisting one of the parties to obtain immigration advantages, and where gratification has been given as a reward for entering into said marriage, has committed an offence! 😤 Such offenders risk a fine of up to $10,000, jail for up to 10 years or both. Gratification is not limited to money or gifts, either – it can also refer to employment offers, or any other favour, service or advantage.⠀ – You’re not spared if you play cupid for such a couple, either. Any person who arranges, or assists in arranging a sham marriage risks facing the same penalties mentioned above! 😳 Better leave the idea of such fake marriages to movies or dramas, otherwise the only rings you’ll be wearing are big, silver ones on your wrists. 🤧 #SingaporeLegalAdvice
Entering into a sham marriage is illegal in Singapore. According to section 57C of the Immigration Act (IA), if you enter into a marriage:
- Knowing or having reason to believe that the purpose of the marriage is to help either you or your spouse to gain an entry permit to Singapore; and
- Either you or your spouse are offered or given a reward for entering into the marriage,
you will be guilty of an offence. This applies even if the marriage is solemnised outside of Singapore.
At the same time, any person who arranges or otherwise assists in arranging a sham marriage is also guilty of committing an offence.
In both cases, if convicted, the guilty offender is liable to a fine up to $10,000 and/or to imprisonment up to 10 years.
If anyone deliberately provides false information to deceive the authorities in sham marriages, they will be considered to have furnished false information under section 177 of the Penal Code.
If found guilty, the offender shall be liable for a fine up to $5,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months.
Section 37 of the Women’s Charter also states that any person, who, for the purpose of procuring marriage makes any false declarations, will be liable on conviction to a fine up to $3,000 and/or to imprisonment up to 3 years.
Foreigners who obtain entry into Singapore through sham marriages may have their visit passes or work permits cancelled. If so, they generally cannot remain in Singapore and may be repatriated.
Case study: An illegal sham marriage ring in Singapore
Earlier in 2018, the Immigrations and Checkpoints Authority (ICA) was able to solve a series of sham marriages between Vietnamese women and Singaporean men after obtaining a confession from one of the couples.
It was revealed that the men were in need of money and were paid between $800 to $4,500 for their role in the marriages.
The mastermind behind the sham marriages was unemployed 32-year-old Jeremy Tan Chin Hock. Tan and his brokers were paid by the Vietnamese women who wanted to extend their stay in Singapore.
As a result of this offence, Tan was fined $42,000 and sentenced to 24 months of imprisonment. The other 11 participants, 6 Singaporean men and 5 Vietnamese women were jailed between 6 and 18 months.
How Can You Know If You are Being Deceived into Entering a Sham Marriage?
Unlike most situations in sham marriages where both parties enter into the marriage of convenience knowingly, there are instances where one spouse is not aware that their marriage is a sham.
Hiring a private investigator who can perform a background check on your partner will be useful in helping to avoid becoming a victim of a sham marriage.
Discreet and professional, these private investigators utilise different methods like surveillance and monitoring to find out if your marital partner is only invested in the relationship to obtain an immigration advantage instead of out of true affection for you.
How Can You Get Out of a Sham Marriage?
Apply to annul your marriage
This is provided that your marriage was solemnised on or after 1 October 2016. If so, you can apply to have your marriage annulled.
However even after you have annulled your marriage, note that you can still be criminally liable under section 57C of the IA for entering into a sham marriage in the first place.
To avoid such liability, you will have to prove that even though one purpose of the marriage was to help either you or your spouse gain an entry permit to Singapore, you had reasonable grounds to believe that the marriage would result in a genuine marital relationship when entering into it.
File for divorce
Alternatively, you may file for divorce. This option applies even if your marriage was solemnised on or before 1 October 2016.
However, check that you fulfil the requirements for filing for divorce.
After reading this, you should be better informed of the circumstances behind sham marriages and how to get out of one. If you are caught in a sham marriage and are unsure of what to do, feel free to consult a criminal lawyer for assistance.
- Police Investigation Process in Singapore
- When Can the Police Arrest Someone?: Arrestable and Non-Arrestable Offences in Singapore
- Police Arrest Procedure in Singapore
- Can a Civilian Arrest a Criminal in Singapore?
- Is Lying to the Police or Authorities an Offence in Singapore?
- Surrender of Passport to the Police and How to Get It Back
- What to Do If You’re Being Investigated for a Criminal Offence in Singapore
- Can You Say No to a Lie Detector Test in Singapore? And Other FAQs
- What Should You Do If You Witness a Crime in Singapore?
- Do You Have a "Right to Remain Silent" to the Police in Singapore?
- Extradition: What if You Flee after Committing Crime in Singapore?
- Warrant of Arrest: What to Do If It is Issued Against You in Singapore
- Search Warrant: The Issuance and Execution of It in Singapore
- Criminal Compensation in Singapore
- Exercising Your Right to Self-Defence When Attacked in Singapore
- Claiming Trial as an Accused
- Mitigation Plea
- Pleading Guilty in Singapore: Consequences & Withdrawal of Plea
- Guide to Filing a Criminal Appeal in Singapore
- Presidential Clemency in Singapore
- Probation: Eligibility and Whether It Leaves a Criminal Record
- Reformative Training in Singapore: When will it be Ordered?
- Visiting a Loved One in Prison or On Death Row in Singapore
- 7 Detention Orders in Singapore and When Will They be Ordered?
- Consequences of Receiving a Stern Warning in Singapore
- Are You Eligible for a Mandatory Treatment Order (MTO)?
- Can I Represent Myself in a Criminal Court Case in Singapore and How?
- Caning in Singapore: Judicial, School & Parental Corporal Punishment
- Criminal Motion: What is It and How to File One in Singapore
- Getting Parole (Early Prison Release) in Singapore
- Repatriation or Deportation from Singapore: How Does It Work?
- How Can Adult Offenders Get Probation in Singapore?
- Legal Age for Sex in Singapore and Common Sexual Offences
- Accused of Molest: Outrage of Modesty in Singapore
- What Can Victims of Sexual Harassment in Singapore Do?
- What is the Law on Sexting in Singapore?
- Revenge Porn: What If Your Nudes are Leaked in Singapore?
- Crime of Voyeurism in Singapore (Penalties and Defences)
- Consent in Sexual Offences in Singapore and What Victims Can Do
- Is it illegal to visit prostitutes in Singapore?
- Is Watching, Downloading or Filming Porn Illegal in Singapore?
- Singapore's Drug Laws: Possession, Consumption and Trafficking
- When Can You Legally Gamble (In Public or Online) in Singapore?
- Is Vaping Illegal in Singapore?
- DUI: Here are the Penalties for Drink-Driving in Singapore
- Legal Drinking Age in Singapore and Other Drinking-Related Laws
- Singapore's Legal Smoking Age and Common Smoking Offences
- The Offence of Human Trafficking in Singapore and Its Penalties
- Murder vs Culpable Homicide in Singapore: What's the Difference?
- Is Suicide Illegal in Singapore? Will I Be Punished for Trying?
- Is it illegal to feed stray animals in Singapore?
- Criminal Intimidation: Penalties for Making Threats in Singapore
- What are Sham Marriages and Are They Illegal in Singapore?
- Public Assemblies and Processions in Singapore: Police Permits and the Public Order Act
- Penalties for Unlawful Assembly and Rioting in Singapore
- Voluntarily Causing Hurt Penalties in Singapore (Non-Arrestable)
- Misbehaving in Public: 5 Things You Need to Know
- Is it Legal for Drivers to Carpool in Singapore?
- Complete Guide to E-Scooter and PMD Laws for Singapore Riders
- Is Joining a Gang Illegal in Singapore?: Being Recruited and Penalties
- What Happens If You’re Caught Speeding in Singapore?
- Charged with a Traffic Offence in Singapore: What to Do
- Penalties for Committing Theft in Singapore
- Road Rage: What is It and How are Offenders Sentenced in Singapore
- Singapore Fake News Laws: Guide to POFMA (Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act)
- Laws and Penalties for Doxxing in Singapore (With Examples)
- Littering and Killer Litter Offences: Here are the Penalties in Singapore
- Organised Crimes: Penalties/Orders Syndicates Face in Singapore
- Animal Cruelty in Singapore: Offences, Penalties & How to Report
- Penalties for Dishonest Misappropriation of Property in Singapore
- Penalties for Financing Terrorist Operations in Singapore
- Penalties for Illegal Immigration and Overstaying in Singapore