Differences between Criminal Law and Civil Law

Last updated on April 24, 2011


View this post on Instagram


Swipe -> to learn more about the differences between civil law and criminal law! ? – In the image about civil law, it’s mentioned that cases are proven based on a “balance of probabilities”. In other words, one party’s claims just have to be more likely to be true, rather than not. ? This is a much lower standard than that required in criminal cases, as the accused must be proven guilty beyond reasonable doubt. ? – It’s also important to remember that the police don’t get involved in civil cases. ?‍♂️? It’s for this reason that the police will decline to help you for civil matters, and suggest that you approach a lawyer instead. – There’s still a lot more to the law apart from what we’ve covered in this post so keep following us as we share more about the law with you! ? And if you ever need to find a lawyer, there’s always the link in our bio ?#SingaporeLegalAdvice

A post shared by SingaporeLegalAdvice.com (@singaporelegaladvice) on

Generally speaking, the criminal law is concerned with offences of public interest. Hence, for criminal cases, offenders are usually charged in the name of the public prosecutor, who represents the state. The major statute that concerns the criminal law in Singapore is the Penal Code.

Civil law, on the other hand, refers to private law, which is concerned with private disputes between individual parties. The police do not get involved.

Civil law includes several areas of law, among them contract law and tort law. It is mainly used to claim compensation for harm, loss or injury to the person or to property.

The standard of proof for criminal cases and civil cases is different. For criminal cases, the standard of proof is much higher and the prosecution must prove that accused is guilty “beyond reasonable doubt”. For civil cases, the case only has to be proved “on the balance of probabilities”, i.e. that it is more probable than not.

Before Making a Claim
  1. Drafting an Enforceable Settlement Agreement in Singapore
  2. Differences between Criminal Law and Civil Law
  3. Should You Sue? 8 Things to Think About Before Suing
  4. How to Write a Cease and Desist Letter in Singapore
  5. Limitation Periods: What's the Deadline for Suing in Singapore?
  6. What to Do If Someone Sues Your Singapore Business
  7. Arbitration and Mediation: When They Can be Useful for Business Disputes
  8. Can I Sue a Foreigner in Singapore?
  9. Mediation in Singapore
  10. Arbitration: When and How to Arbitrate Business Disputes in Singapore
  11. 6 Things You Need to Know about Third-Party Funding in International Arbitration
  12. Using Neutral Evaluation to Resolve Civil Disputes in Singapore
Making a Claim - The Beginning of a Dispute
  1. Letters of Demand and Their Usages in Singapore
  2. Law on Writ of Summons in Singapore
  3. Received a "Without Prejudice" Letter? Here’s What It Means
  4. What if I Cannot Find the Party I Want to Sue?
  5. Making a Claim in the Small Claims Tribunals in Singapore
  6. First Meeting With Your Business Dispute Lawyer: What to Expect
  7. Negotiating a Settlement in a Business Dispute
  8. Security of Payment Act: Claiming Progress Payments for Construction Work Done
  9. Engaging a Queen’s Counsel in Singapore
The Litigation Process
  1. Can You Withdraw Your Court Case in Singapore?
  2. Civil Litigation: How to Sue in Singapore (Step-by-Step Guide)
  3. Originating Summons: What It Is and How to File in Singapore
  4. Memorandum of Appearance in Singapore: What It is and How to File
  5. Affidavits in Singapore: What Are They & How to Prepare One
  6. Default Judgments and Summary Judgments in Singapore
Matters relating to Witnesses and Evidence
  1. Can My Minor Child be Subpoenaed to be a Court Witness?
  2. Admissibility of Evidence in the Singapore Courts
  3. Subpoenaed to be a Court Witness in Singapore: What You Need to Do
  4. Who is an Expert Witness and How to Use Expert Evidence in Singapore
  5. Destroying and Tampering With Evidence in Singapore
  6. Legal DNA Test: What is It For, How It’s Conducted, Cost & More
Remedies Available for Civil Litigation
  1. Types of Injunctions in Singapore
  2. Specific Performance: Obtaining this Equitable Remedy in Singapore
After the Lawsuit
  1. After the Lawsuit: Who Has to Pay Whom, and How Much?
  2. Enforcement of Court Judgments and Orders in Singapore
  3. How to Get a Writ of Seizure and Sale to Enforce a Judgment