What to Do If Your Loved One is Under Police Investigation

Last updated on March 30, 2022

family watching as loved one is under investigation

When someone becomes the subject of a criminal investigation in Singapore, that is invariably a uniquely stressful experience not only for them, but for anyone who is close to them and cares about them.

Feelings of frustration, anger and helplessness are common. Hence, what can you do to best support your loved one if this happens to them?

This article shares 7 steps that you can take if your loved one is under police investigations:

  1. Understand the criminal investigation process
  2. Seek legal advice and engage a criminal lawyer on behalf of your loved one
  3. Ensure that your loved one rewrites and remembers their police statements
  4. Stand bail for your loved one if you can
  5. Discuss the impact of your loved one’s sentencing on both your futures and plan accordingly
  6. Consider the potential impacts on your and your loved ones’ well-being and seek counselling if needed
  7. Stay by your loved one’s side and help them prepare attire for court hearings

1. Understand the Criminal Investigation Process

First, it’s important to understand how a criminal investigation (also known as a police investigation) usually proceeds in Singapore. The “investigation” refers to the period including the arrest and interrogation of the suspect, and the questioning of other witnesses by the police, but before any criminal charges are brought against the suspect.

This means that the suspect is merely being suspected of having committed a crime at this stage, but not yet accused of doing so. It is only when the suspect is brought to court and charged that they are formally accused of a crime. Accordingly, if your loved one has been given a charge sheet to keep, this means they are no longer merely suspects. Instead, they have now been accused of a crime and will have to defend themselves in court or plead guilty to the crime.

Sometimes an investigation can take a day and primarily involves interrogation of the suspect and questioning of a complainant (i.e. the person who made a police complaint). For more serious or complex cases, investigations can take months. During investigations, the suspect’s passport is often impounded by the police and they are not allowed to travel.

Though investigations may end without any charges being brought or with a mere warning being administered to the suspect, they often end with the suspect being charged with a criminal offence.

For more information, refer to our article on police investigations in Singapore.

2. Seek Legal Advice and Engage a Criminal Lawyer on Behalf of Your Loved One

Once a suspect is actually charged in court, it is highly advisable to engage a criminal defence lawyer. That said, even if the suspect is only being investigated at this time, it is generally advisable to seek legal advice at the earliest possible stage. This will allow you and your loved one to:

  • Better understand the investigation process and the possible outcomes you can expect; and
  • Prepare you, from a psychological and practical perspective, for the next steps you will need to take.

In some cases, a criminal lawyer may recommend engaging him/her to write representations to the prosecution to explain the circumstances of the incident resulting in the investigation and to urge the prosecution to end the investigation. Such representations, if sent at the right time and carefully formulated, can, in the right cases, sometimes result in the investigation being ended without charges being brought against the suspect.

Sometimes, a suspect, when placed in the stressful position of being investigated, may find themselves unable to take charge of their case and do what is necessary to advance their best interests. If this sounds like your loved one, you can help them by reaching out to criminal lawyers, with your loved one’s consent, and helping them to engage one. This may be the most important practical support you can provide to your loved one at this time.

You may find a suitable criminal lawyer to advise your loved one here.

3. Ensure that Your Loved One Rewrites and Remembers Their Police Statements

Other steps you can take to help your loved one is to have them write out whatever they said to police officers, or whatever was written in any statements they signed at the police station. These statements are crucial evidence that will be used against your loved one, and their lawyer will often not be able to get a copy of them until it is too late.

If the suspect later contradicts him/herself in another statement or in court, this can be used to allege that he/she is a liar whose words should not be believed. That’s why it is so important for your loved one to write out as much of those statements as they can remember as soon as they come back from the police station.

4. Stand Bail For Your Loved One If You Can

If your loved one is ultimately charged with an offence, they may be offered bail, which allows them to avoid being remanded in prison pending court proceedings. If so, they may need you to stand bail for them. Therefore, you should prepare for the possibility.

If you are a Singaporean citizen or permanent resident, you can act as a bailor. You might need bank statements to show that you have a certain amount of funds if bail is set above a certain amount. If you are not a Singaporean citizen or permanent resident, then you or your loved one should approach in confidence a Singaporean citizen or permanent resident whom you trust to see if they would be prepared to stand bail if necessary.

Being a bailor involves taking on a serious liability. A bailor’s role is to ensure that the suspect or accused complies with all conditions of bail, such as their attendance at every court hearing. If the suspect or accused breaches the bail conditions, the bailor may have to forfeit his/her bail. Therefore, this is not a responsibility that many people are prepared to bear.

If you have the ability to do this for your loved one, this may be one of the most crucial support you can provide for them. The alternative is them being remanded in prison pending their conviction or acquittal.

5. Discuss the Impact of Your Loved One’s Sentencing on Both Your Futures and Plan Accordingly

If your lawyer advises you that your loved one will likely be sentenced to a lengthy imprisonment term, consider the impact this will have on your life and plan accordingly.

If you and your loved one are partners and/or have children, you may need to substantially adjust your lifestyle to cope with the adverse impact of your partner’s sentence, and any subsequent criminal record, on your:

  • Joint earning capacity and overall financial health, as well as on your
  • Current childcare arrangements, if applicable.

This is because ex-offenders typically struggle to build lucrative careers upon release and are not usually viewed as attractive candidates for highly-paid employment.

6. Consider the Potential Impacts on Your and Your Loved Ones’ Well-Being and Seek Counselling If Needed

A criminal investigation and any subsequent prosecution can take a very long time, sometimes over a year. You should prepare yourself and your loved one for the inevitable emotional highs and lows that will come your way over the course of that process. Find a lawyer who is communicative, competent, sympathetic and responsive to your questions so that you feel supported throughout the process.

Consider also the emotional well-being and mental health of your loved one, yourself and the other people close to your loved one, including his/her children, if any. Ensure that all of you seek professional counselling to help you cope if the emotional strain of the process is too much.

However, bear in mind that anything your loved one tells a counsellor, therapist or psychologist is not legally privileged, unlike the relationship between a lawyer and a client. The prosecution could subpoena the counsellor and require them to testify against your loved one in court, or to give a statement to the police telling them what he/she knows of the facts of the case.

Accordingly, it would be wise for your loved one to avoid discussing with the counsellor the incident that led to the investigation, and focus instead on the investigation’s emotional impact on them.

7. Stay by Your Loved One’s Side and Help Them Prepare Attire for Court Hearings

If your loved one is charged with an offence, speak to your lawyer about what your loved one should wear to court.

Also discuss what perception, if any, your presence at any court hearings might create. Sometimes, the availability of family support and/or supervision can be a relevant sentencing consideration or can just help to create a positive perception of the accused as a valued member of a family.

If you are advised that your presence would be helpful or of no consequence, attend any court hearings that you can and ask for your lawyer’s advice on what you should wear. Take your loved one shopping for appropriate court attire if necessary.

While some of these steps may seem insignificant or unimportant, being able to do something concrete to support your loved one, no matter how small, will help combat any feelings of despair or helplessness you experience.

The process of a criminal investigation in Singapore and any subsequent prosecution can be lengthy, emotionally taxing and have significant and long-term negative effects on the life of your loved one, and therefore on yours. It is important that you provide the emotional support that your loved one will need throughout that process, as well as seek the same support for yourself if you need it.

Also, as should be clear by now, the support of a sympathetic, professional and competent criminal lawyer is indispensable at every stage of the process. If your loved one appears unable to arrange for the engagement of a lawyer, step in to help.

You may get in touch with experienced criminal lawyers in Singapore here.

Arrest and Investigation
  1. Your Right to a Lawyer After Being Arrested in Singapore
  2. What to Do If Your Loved One is Under Police Investigation
  3. How to Write a Letter of Representation to AGC in Singapore
  4. What is Entrapment and is It Legal in Singapore?
  5. What Happens When You Voluntarily Surrender to the Police
  6. Juvenile Crime: What If Your Child is Arrested in Singapore?
  7. Police Investigation Process for Crimes in Singapore (4 Steps)
  8. Arrest Warrant Issued Against You in Singapore: What to Do
  9. Police Arrest Procedure in Singapore
  10. Arrestable and Non-Arrestable Offences in Singapore
  11. What Should You Do If You Witness a Crime in Singapore?
  12. Can the Public Make a Citizen's Arrest in Singapore?
  13. What to Do If You’re Being Investigated for a Criminal Offence in Singapore
  14. "Right to Remain Silent" to Singapore Police: Does It Exist?
  15. Police Custody in Singapore: What You Should Know
  16. Search Warrant: The Issuance and Execution of It in Singapore
  17. Penalties for Lying to the Authorities in Singapore
  18. Can You Say No to a Lie Detector Test in Singapore? And Other FAQs
  19. Surrender of Passport to the Police and How to Get It Back
  20. Extradition: What If I Flee After Committing Crime in Singapore
Bail
  1. The Essential Guide to Bail and Personal Bonds in Singapore
Prosecution
  1. What is Private Prosecution?
  2. Magistrate’s Complaints, Private Summons and Private Prosecutions in Singapore
  3. Prosecutorial Discretion in Singapore
  4. Composition Offers and Fines for Criminal Offences in Singapore
  5. Plea Bargaining in Singapore: All You Need to Know
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  1. Making Objections at Trial in the Singapore Courts
  2. When is a Witness Testimony Unreliable in Singapore?
  3. Burden of Proof in Criminal and Civil Cases in Singapore
  4. Falsely Accused of a Crime in Singapore: Your Next Steps
  5. What is Acquittal & How Can One Be Acquitted in Singapore?
  6. Using the Defence of Diminished Responsibility in Singapore
  7. Death of a Party in a Legal Case in Singapore: What Happens?
  8. The "Unusually Convincing" Test in "He Said, She Said" Cases
  9. How to Adjourn or Postpone a Criminal Court Hearing
  10. TIC: Guide to Charges Taken Into Consideration in Singapore
  11. Can I Use the Defence of Intoxication in Singapore?
  12. When Can I Raise the Defence of Provocation in Singapore?
  13. Can I Represent Myself in a Criminal Court Case in Singapore and How?
  14. Claiming Trial as an Accused
  15. Pleading Guilty in Singapore: Consequences & Withdrawal of Plea
  16. The Defence of Unsound Mind in Singapore: What is It?
  17. Gag Orders in Singapore: Whose Identity Can be Protected?
  18. Mitigation Plea: How to Plead for Leniency in Court in Singapore
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  1. Recidivism: What Happens If You Reoffend in Singapore?
  2. Guide to Filing a Criminal Appeal in Singapore
  3. Criminal Motion: What is It and How to File One in Singapore
  4. Guide to Filing a Criminal Revision in Singapore
  5. Presidential Clemency in Singapore
  6. Repatriation or Deportation from Singapore: How Does It Work?
  7. Criminal Records in Singapore
  8. Visiting a Loved One in Prison or On Death Row in Singapore
  9. Getting Parole (Early Prison Release) in Singapore
Types of Sentences After Committing an Offence
  1. Fined for an Offence: What to Do If I Can't Afford to Pay Them?
  2. How Long Is Life Imprisonment in Singapore? And Other FAQs
  3. Corrective Training and Its Consequences in Singapore
  4. Consequences of Receiving a Stern Warning in Singapore
  5. Probation: Eligibility and Whether It Leaves a Criminal Record
  6. How Can Adult Offenders Get Probation in Singapore?
  7. Reformative Training in Singapore: When Will It be Ordered?
  8. Are You Eligible for a Mandatory Treatment Order (MTO)?
  9. Caning in Singapore: Judicial, School & Parental Corporal Punishment
  10. 7 Detention Orders in Singapore: When Will They be Ordered?
  11. Day Reporting Order: Eligibility and Offender's Obligations
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  2. Laws Protecting Informers/Whistleblowers in Singapore
  3. Counterfeit Medicine/Health Products: Redress for Victims in Singapore
  4. Breach of Protection Orders: What Can Victims Do?
  5. Using Your Right to Self-Defence When Attacked in Singapore
  6. Compensation for Crime Victims in Singapore: How to Obtain
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  2. Murder vs Culpable Homicide in Singapore (and Penalties)
  3. Is Suicide Illegal in Singapore? Will I Be Punished for Trying?
  4. Kidnapping Scam: Penalties & Responding to a ‘Kidnap Call/Text'
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  1. Rape Laws in Singapore and How Offenders Can Be Punished
  2. Sexual Misconduct in Singapore: Offences and What Victims Can Do
  3. Falsely Accused of Rape in Singapore: What to Do
  4. Incest and Family Sexual Abuse: Penalties and Victim Protection
  5. How are Sexual Offenders with Special Needs Penalised?
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  7. Legal Age for Sex in Singapore and Common Sexual Offences
  8. Consent in Sexual Offences in Singapore and What Victims Can Do
  9. Accused of Molest: Outrage of Modesty in Singapore
  10. What Can Victims of Sexual Harassment in Singapore Do?
  11. What is the Law on Sexting in Singapore?
  12. Revenge Porn: What If Your Nudes are Leaked in Singapore?
  13. Crime of Voyeurism in Singapore (Penalties and Defences)
  14. Date Rape: What to Do If Your Drink Has Been Unlawfully Spiked?
  15. STDs: Can I Go to the Police If a Partner Infected Me in Singapore?
Vice-Related Offences
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  2. Singapore's Legal Smoking Age & Common Smoking Offences
  3. Is Vaping Illegal in Singapore?
  4. Legal Drinking Age and Drinking-Related Laws in Singapore
  5. Is Watching, Downloading or Filming Porn Illegal in Singapore?
  6. Child Pornography in Singapore: Offences and Penalties
  7. Laws on Procuring Sex Workers & Sexual Services in Singapore
  8. Singapore's Drug Laws: Possession, Consumption and Trafficking
  9. Gambling Legally (at Home, in Public or Online) in Singapore
  10. The Offence of Human Trafficking in Singapore and Its Penalties
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  1. Penalties for Committing Theft in Singapore
  2. Committing Robbery in Singapore: What are the Penalties?
  3. Penalties for Dishonest Misappropriation of Property in Singapore
  4. Vandalism Laws: Penalties for Damaging Property in Singapore
  5. Criminal Trespass in Singapore: What Happens If You’re Caught?
  6. Penalties for Littering and Killer Litter Offences in Singapore
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  2. Penalties for Cheating/Scamming and What Victims Can Do
  3. Penalties for Impersonating Someone and Victim Redress
  4. Singapore Fake News Laws: Guide to POFMA (Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act)
  5. Laws and Penalties for Doxxing in Singapore (With Examples)
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  2. Criminal Breach of Trust (CBT) in Singapore: What is It?
  3. All You Need to Know About Corruption in Singapore
  4. Anti-Money Laundering Laws and You
  5. 5 Things You Need to Know about Insider Trading
  6. Dishonest Assistance and Knowing Receipt: The Case of David Rasif
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  2. DUI: Here are the Penalties for Drink-Driving in Singapore
  3. What Happens If You’re Caught Speeding in Singapore?
  4. Road Rage: What is It and How are Offenders Sentenced in Singapore
  5. Penalties for Dangerous Driving for Singapore Drivers
  6. Fatal Traffic Accidents: Are Drivers Always Punished?
  7. Guide to E-Scooter and PMD Laws for Singapore Riders
  8. Is it Legal for Drivers to Carpool in Singapore?
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  3. Is It Illegal to Feed Stray Animals in Singapore?
  4. Singapore Animal Abuse Offences, Penalties & How to Report
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  1. Radicalisation and Terror Attack-Related Penalties in Singapore
  2. Causing a Public Nuisance in Singapore: What are the Penalties?
  3. Causing Public Alarm in Singapore: Examples & Penalties
  4. Public Assemblies and Processions in Singapore
  5. Misbehaving in Public: 5 Things You Need to Know
  6. Racial Enmity: Sections 298 and 298A Penal Code Explained
  7. Religious Cults in Singapore: Are they Illegal? Penalties & More
  8. Penalties for Financing Terrorist Operations in Singapore
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  1. Penalties for Unlawful Assembly and Rioting in Singapore
  2. Is Joining a Gang Illegal in Singapore?: Being Recruited and Penalties
  3. Organised Crimes: Penalties/Orders Syndicates Face in Singapore
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Certificate of Clearance
  1. How Do You Apply for a Certificate of Clearance in Singapore?
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  1. Penalties for Abetting Minors or Committing Crimes Against Them
  2. Here are the Penalties for Committing Forgery in Singapore
  3. Arson and Fire-Related Offences and Their Penalties in Singapore
  4. Offences Against the Dead and What Family Members Can Do
  5. Laws on Prohibited, Replica and Self-Defence Weapons
  6. Penalties for Attempting to Commit a Crime in Singapore
  7. Penalties for Assaulting a Person in Singapore
  8. Expats Charged With Offences in Singapore: What to Expect
  9. What are the Penalties for Hiring Phantom Workers in Singapore?
  10. What Are Ponzi Schemes? Are They Illegal in Singapore?
  11. Modification of Cars, Motorcycles, Etc: Is It Legal in Singapore?
  12. Penalties for Illegal Immigration and Overstaying in Singapore
  13. Criminal Intimidation: Penalties for Making Threats in Singapore