Making a Claim in the Small Claims Tribunals in Singapore
To make a claim at the Small Claims Tribunals (SCT), you can file your application through the State Courts’ online Community Justice and Tribunals System (CJTS).
There will be a non-refundable lodgement fee that has to be paid to process your claim. Below are several features of the SCT taken from the Small Claims Tribunals Act.
Quantum of Dispute (i.e. Amount of Money You Can Claim for)
First of all, be mindful of the jurisdiction of the Small Claims Tribunals. The SCT only hears disputes involving claims not exceeding $20,000.
However, if both parties give their consent, the SCT can hear claims not exceeding $30,000.
The Types of Disputes that the Small Claims Tribunals can Preside Over Include:
- Sale of goods – e.g. when you purchase a phone
- Provision of services – e.g. when you engage the services of a home designer
- Damage to your property
- Tenancy disputes for the lease of residential property not exceeding 2 years
- Contracts to buy or sell foreign currency with a licensed money-changer under the Money-changing and Remittance Business Act
- Cancellation of contracts under the Consumer Fair Trading (Cancellation of Contracts) Regulations 2009
- Refund of motor vehicle deposits in accordance with the Consumer Fair Trading (Motor Vehicle Dealer Deposits) Regulations 2009
- Opt-out under the Consumer Fair Trading (Opt-Out) Regulations 2009
The SCT does not hear disputes involving hire-purchase, employment, loans, stocks and shares, foreign exchange, rental and charters, legal fees, co-broking, insurance, or motor vehicle disputes.
In addition, if the cause of action happened more than 2 years ago, the SCT will not hear the claim.
For example, if you purchased a $4,999 LCD TV and found it to be defective, but the retailer refused to refund your fees, the SCT will not hear your claim if the purchase occurred more than 2 years ago.
What If My Claim Does Not Fall Within the Jurisdiction of the Small Claims Tribunals?
It does not mean that you have no remedy. You can still sue in the other civil courts, just not the SCT.
What Happens after I Lodge a Claim at the Small Claims Tribunals?
The Registrar will conduct the initial mediation and consultation. If both sides cannot come to a settlement, the claim will be heard by a referee. The parties will present their side of the story themselves, and cannot be represented by a lawyer. Witnesses may even be called in. Finally, the referee will make a decision to either enforce or reject the claim.
An advantage of the SCT is that the loser does not have to bear any legal costs incurred.
For more information on the SCT, please visit the State Courts website.
- Drafting an Enforceable Settlement Agreement in Singapore
- Should I Make A Police Report or Should I Sue?
- Differences between Criminal Law and Civil Law
- Should You Sue? 8 Things to Think About Before Suing
- How to Write a Cease and Desist Letter in Singapore
- Limitation Periods: What's the Deadline for Suing in Singapore?
- What to Do If Someone Sues Your Singapore Business
- Arbitration and Mediation: When They Can be Useful for Business Disputes
- Can I Sue a Foreigner or Foreign Company in Singapore?
- Mediation in Singapore
- Arbitration: When and How to Arbitrate Business Disputes in Singapore
- 6 Things You Need to Know about Third-Party Funding in International Arbitration
- Using Neutral Evaluation to Resolve Civil Disputes in Singapore
- What is a Breach of Confidence and How to Prove It
- Victim of a Wire Fraud? Here’s What You Can Do
- How to File an Originating Claim in a Singapore Lawsuit
- How to Bring a Class-Action Lawsuit in Singapore
- Letters of Demand and Their Usages in Singapore
- Law on Writ of Summons in Singapore
- Received a "Without Prejudice" Letter? Here’s What It Means
- What if I Cannot Find the Party I Want to Sue?
- Making a Claim in the Small Claims Tribunals in Singapore
- First Meeting With Your Business Dispute Lawyer: What to Expect
- Negotiating a Settlement in a Business Dispute
- Security of Payment Act: Claiming Progress Payments for Construction Work Done
- Engaging a Queen’s Counsel in Singapore
- Can You Withdraw Your Court Case in Singapore?
- Wasting the Court’s Time and Resources: Legal Consequences
- Civil Litigation: How to Sue in Singapore (Step-by-Step Guide)
- Originating Application: What It Is and How to File in Singapore
- Notice of Intention to Contest or Not Contest: What is It?
- Affidavits in Singapore: What Are They & How to Prepare One
- Default Judgments and Summary Judgments in Singapore
- Can My Minor Child be Subpoenaed to be a Court Witness?
- Giving Evidence via Video Link in a Singapore Lawsuit
- Prima Facie: What Does It Mean and How to Establish
- Hearsay Evidence: Admissibility and Objection of It in Singapore
- Admissibility of Evidence in the Singapore Courts
- Subpoenaed to be a Court Witness in Singapore: What You Need to Do
- Who is an Expert Witness and How to Use Expert Evidence in Singapore
- Destroying and Tampering With Evidence in Singapore
- Legal DNA Test: What is It For, How It’s Conducted, Cost & More