What Can I Do to Protect Myself in Self-Defence in Singapore?
Self-defence is known as “private defence” in Singapore. Private defence is a form of legal defence that may have the effect of absolving a person of legal liability if that person hurt or killed another person in order to defend himself.
Private defence is written law, being covered under sections 96 to 106 of the Singapore Penal Code. It includes the defence of your life and body from physical harm such as hurt and rape. It also includes the right to defend your property, either movable (like a car) or immovable (like a house), from theft, robbery, mischief or criminal trespass.
Private defence also includes the right to defend another person or his property from harm.
View this post on Instagram
Swipe 👉 With the recent news about people fighting in the MRT, it’s best to know what you can (or cannot!) do to defend yourself if you ever get caught in such a situation. 🤧 – Apart from the examples mentioned in picture #4 (on when self-defence applies), keep in mind that you cannot inflict more harm than is necessary for self-defence! 😤🙅♀️ If it is clear that your attacker has been defeated or repelled, it is not reasonable for you to continue attacking him in the name of self-defence. – It’s also good to note that the right to self-defence can extend to killing your attacker in certain extreme situations, such as rape or robbery. It may not be illegal to kill your attacker if you might’ve gotten killed, or grievously hurt, if you did not do so. Unless the situation is dire, though, it’s best to seek the help of the police 👮♂️or people nearby! #SingaporeLegalAdvice
When Can You Rely on the Right of Private Defence?
However, a few requirements have to be satisfied for the defence to succeed in court. For example, there is no right of private defence if there are opportunities to seek police protection.
There is generally also no right of private defence against a public servant carrying out his duties. For instance, private defence cannot be used to justify attacking a police officer who is trying to subdue you.
In contrast, there is a right of private defence against an insane person, if that person had been trying to attack you.
What Can You Do under the Right of Private Defence?
Section 99(4) of the Penal Code also states that a person cannot inflict more harm than is necessary for self-defence. If it is clear that the attacker has been repelled or defeated, it is not reasonable for you to continue attacking him in the name of private defence.
In extreme cases, a person can kill an attacker in private defence, but only under the following circumstances. Sections 100 and 103 of the Penal Code states that private defence can extend to voluntarily causing death if:
- Police Investigation Process in Singapore
- When Can the Police Arrest Someone?: Arrestable and Non-Arrestable Offences in Singapore
- Police Arrest Procedure in Singapore
- Can a civilian arrest a criminal in Singapore?
- Is lying to the police or authorities a punishable offence in Singapore?
- Surrender of Passport to the Police and How to Get It Back
- What to Do If You’re Being Investigated for a Criminal Offence in Singapore
- Can You Say No to a Lie Detector Test in Singapore? And Other FAQs
- Criminal Compensation in Singapore
- What Can I Do to Protect Myself in Self-Defence in Singapore?
- Claiming trial as an accused
- Mitigation Plea
- Pleading Guilty
- Criminal Appeals in Singapore
- Presidential Clemency in Singapore
- Probation in Singapore: Are You Eligible? Will You Have a Criminal Record?
- What Should You Do If You Witness a Crime in Singapore?
- Reformative Training in Singapore: When will it be Ordered?
- Visiting a Loved One in Prison (And on Death Row) in Singapore
- Is it illegal to visit prostitutes in Singapore?
- What is the law on pornography in Singapore?
- What are Singapore’s laws on drug consumption?
- When is Gambling Illegal in Singapore?
- Is Vaping Illegal in Singapore?
- DUI: Here are the Penalties for Drink-Driving in Singapore
- What is the Legal Drinking Age in Singapore? And Other Drinking-Related Laws
- The Difference Between Murder and Culpable Homicide in Singapore
- Is it illegal to commit suicide in Singapore? Will I be punished if my attempt at suicide fails?
- Is it illegal to feed stray animals in Singapore?
- What are Sham Marriages and are They Illegal in Singapore?
- Public assemblies and processions in Singapore – police permits and the Public Order Act
- What is the offence of Rioting?
- Voluntarily Causing Hurt in Singapore
- Misbehaving in public: 5 things you need to know
- Is it Legal for Drivers to Carpool in Singapore?
- Guide to E-Scooter/Personal Mobility Device (PMD) Laws in Singapore
- Is Joining a Gang Illegal in Singapore?
- What Happens If You’re Caught Speeding in Singapore?
- Charged with a Traffic Offence in Singapore: What to Do