When does a Singapore Parliament election have to be held?

Last updated on December 20, 2023

According to Article 65(4) of the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, Parliament shall stand dissolved 5 years from the date of its first sitting, unless dissolved sooner. In other words, the maximum term is 5 years before elections have to be held.

Usually, Parliament is dissolved sooner, and Article 65(3) states that the President may dissolve Parliament at any time if advised by the Prime Minister. The President can withhold his consent if he is not satisfied that the Prime Minister commands the confidence of the majority of Parliament.

In the practical sense, the Prime Minister has discretion in deciding the date of the election before the end of 5 years.

Currently, the 14th Parliament of Singapore had its first sitting on 24th August 2020, and hence must be dissolved by August 2025. Article 66 of the Constitution states that a general election shall be held within 3 months of the dissolution of Parliament, hence the general election has to be held by November 2025.