How does a foreigner become a Singapore citizen or Permanent Resident?

A person can become a Singapore citizen via the following ways:

  1. Via Birth:
    1. A person who is born in Singapore with at least one parent who is a Singapore citizen.
  2. Via Descent:
    1. A person born outside Singapore after 15 May 2004, with at least one parent who is a Singaporean citizen.
    2. A person born outside Singapore before 15 May 2004 if his father was a Singapore citizen by birth or by registration at the time of birth.
  3. Via Registration:
    1. A Permanent Resident for at least two years who is employed or married to a Singaporean citizen can register for citizenship. A male Permanent Resident may also apply upon satisfactory completion of full-time National Service, as may children of Singaporean citizens living in Singapore.

A person can become a Permanent Resident in Singapore if he or she is:

  1. The spouse or unmarried child (below 21 years old) of a Singapore Citizen or a Singapore Permanent Resident
  2. An aged Parent of a Singapore Citizen
  3. A P, Q or S work pass holder
  4. An investor or entrepreneur

To apply for either citizenship or permanent residence, go to

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